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The Korean War (1950-1953) was a military conflict between the South Korean government supported by the United Nations (with the US in the lead), and the communist government in the North supported by China and the Soviet Union. It is often described as an important episode in the early Cold War, and as the first proxy war between the “Free World” and the Eastern bloc. Casualties, wounded, and missing from the war totaled more than two million on all sides, and resulted in the split of the Korean peninsula into two states with two separate governments: the Republic of Korea in the South, and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in the North. The 1953 Armistice Agreement established the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) that roughly divides the Korean peninsula in half, and serves as a buffer zone between North Korea and South Korea. No peace treaty exists between the two states.


RED ARMY

SPRING IN EUROPE

ACCORDIUN

 

EUROPEAN ANTI-AMERICANISM

MILITARIZATION OF EUROPE

PEACE TALKS

 

APPEASING COMMUNISTS

FAKE PEACE

ENRAGED DEMOCRACIES

 

SOVIET DUPLICITY

FOCAL POINT

PRISONER EXCHANGE

 

MEASURED BY THE FOOT

CHINESE CASUALTIES

DONE DEAL

 

EXECUTIONER IN KOREA

BRIBING THE UN

US PROPAGANDA

 

US BLOC

Marilyn Monroe singing in front of troops in Korea.

MARILYN MONROE

War weary Korean girl with brother on her back in front of a tank. 1951.

WAR WEARY KOREAN GIRL

 

In this undated photo from North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency, American combatants captured during the Korean War march down a street.

CAPTURED AMERICAN TROOPS

Singer Paul Robeson addresses a “Hands Off Korea” rally from a sound truck at the corner of 126th Street and Lenox Avenue in the Harlem section of New York, on July 3, 1950.

“HANDS OFF KOREA” RALLY

A U.S. Marine tank follows a line of prisoners of war down a village street. September 26, 1950.

U.S. TANK AND PRISONERS OF WAR

 

Captured by American forces in the Taegu area of South Korea on October 8, 1950, these North Korean girls are marched to a train which will take them to a prisoner of war camp at Pusan.

CAPTURED NORTH KOREAN GIRLS

A mobile army surgical hospital somewhere in Korea on October 26, 1951. The patient in the left foreground is receiving blood plasma, while behind him two operations are taking place, one at left and one in the center. Photographer Healy took the photos as he found them. Everyone was so busy that no one had time to pose.

MOBILE ARMY SURGICAL HOSPITAL

A command post somewhere in South Korea on July 12, 1950, as American soldiers keep on the alert with their straw covered camouflaged weapons carrier.

CAMOUFLAGED WEAPONS CARRIER

 

Soldiers digging into bunkers atop Old Baldy in Korea in 1952.

SOLDIERS DIGGING

South Korean WACs trained and ready to join their men in the battle against Chinese invaders, display military precision as they parade through Pusan, main United Nations’ fort city in Korea, on September 12, 1950.

SOUTH KOREAN WACS TRAINING

All Sgt. Bernard Young lacks is a private secretary to complete his “office” setting, on May 3, 1951. The Detroit, Michigan, military policeman takes his ease in almost deserted Chunchon, South Korea after the bulk of UN forces had withdrawn southward. Only an infantry rear guard unit remained between him and the advancing Communists.

SGT. BERNARD YOUNG IN HIS “OFFICE”

 

Paratroopers drop from U.S. Air Force C-119 transport planes during an operation over an undisclosed location in Korea, in October of 1950.

PARATROOPERS

Three happy fliers of the 18th Fighter Bomber wing let the world know how they feels as they returned from a combat mission over North Korea to learn of the armistice signing on July 29, 1953. Left to right are: 2nd Lt. John Putty, Dallas, Tex.; 1st Lt. James A. Boucek, Ottawa, Kansas,: and 1st Lt. Richard D. Westcott, Houston, Tex., waving from the back seat of the jeep.

HAPPY FLIERS

South Korean women weep as they listen to President Syngman Rhee speak at a memorial service in Seoul, October 17, 1953. The service honored the 33,964 South Koreans killed in the last year of the war.

MEMORIAL SERVICE IN SEOUL, 1953

 

PFC Donald Jones of Topeka, Kansas, pauses to read a sign just posted on the south limit of the demilitarized zone in Korea on July 30, 1953.

DEMILITARIZED ZONE

DUCK AND COVER